MANCHESTER, England (AP): Sergio Aguero says his future at Manchester City will be decided at the end of the season after losing his place in the team to Gabriel Jesus. Speaking after City’s 2-1 win over Swansea yesterday, when he was started as a substitute for the second straight game, Aguero said: “I have to help the team as much as I can in these three months. Afterwards, we’ll see what the club wants to do with me.” The 19-year-old Gabriel Jesus has started ahead of Aguero for Premier League games against West Ham and Swansea, and scored three goals. City manager Pep Guardiola said Aguero was an important member of the squad, but added that “it must not be easy” for the Argentina striker. Guardiola said “he will be so, so important. He is going to play a lot of games, with Gabriel and without Gabriel”. Aguero says Gabriel Jesus will have a “great future at the club” and that “at the moment, I have to watch what he does, to learn.” Aguero, who joined City in 2011, has three years left on his contract after this season.
Floyd Mayweather Jr., left, and Conor McGregor pose during weigh-ins Friday, Aug. 25, 2017, in Las Vegas for their Saturday boxing bout. (AP Photo/John Locher)LAS VEGAS — Conor McGregor has been kept pretty much under wraps ever since his fight with Floyd Mayweather Jr. was announced, emerging occasionally to trash Mayweather only to disappear again behind the closed doors of the UFC training center.It’s not by accident. The biggest selling point of the spectacle that is Saturday night’s 154-pound fight is the unknown.ADVERTISEMENT Bishop Baylon encourages faithful in Albay to help Taal evacuees Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Is McGregor good enough to land a big punch on Mayweather? Did he acquire enough boxing skills in just a few short months to make what should be a lopsided fight competitive?Inquiring minds want to know, and there are enough of them to make this the most watched fight in history. Some 50 million people in the U.S. alone are expected to gather with friends and family to see it all unfold.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’“I will be the king of both sports,” McGregor crowed. “I’m already the king of fighting, I’ll soon be the king of boxing.”Not so fast, said Mayweather, who comes from a boxing family and famously began throwing punches before he could walk. National Historical team rescues Amorsolos, artifacts from Taal “I’ve been lacing up the gloves my entire existence,” McGregor said. “Of course, we will come with a different approach than people are used to, we will paint many pictures inside the ring. It’s not going to end well for Floyd. It’s not going to end well for all the people who are doubting me and are so convinced that this is what it is.”McGregor weighed in at 153 pounds Friday to 149 ½ for Mayweather. A crowd that nearly filled the T-Mobile arena — many waving Irish flags — cheered loudly for McGregor while booing Mayweather.McGregor’s fan base is driving this fight, united in their fervent hope that the Irish UFC champion can muscle Mayweather around the ring and deliver knockout punches to his head. Sports books in this gambling city have taken so many longshot wagers on McGregor winning by a knockout early that they will suffer their worst loss ever should it actually happen.What should be a 100-1 fight began as 11-1 in Mayweather’s favor. Now it’s 5-1, though a lot of big money — including a few million dollar bets — has been wagered on Mayweather in recent days.“I don’t see him lasting two rounds,” McGregor said. “He messed up with the 8-ounce gloves. Keep your hands up, keep them down. I don’t care. I’m going to break through whatever is in front of me.”For the flamboyant McGregor the fight is a chance to make money he couldn’t dream of in the UFC and gain a fan base outside of mixed martial arts. Estimates vary, but he could take home $100 million for a challenge of Mayweather that seemed improbable when he first started talking about it two years ago.He’s got youth on his side (he’s 29 and Mayweather is 40), and he’ll probably go in the ring much heavier than Mayweather after rehydrating following Friday’s weigh-in. He’s also got a reputation as a big puncher and the prevailing wisdom is he’ll try to maul Mayweather much like Marcos Maidana did in their 2014 fight.Other than that, everything favors Mayweather.He’s unbeaten in 49 fights as a pro and has a chance to pass Rocky Marciano on the perfect record list with win No. 50. Not only has he beaten every fighter put in front of him but he’s found ways to deal with big punchers like Miguel Cotto, Diego Corrales and Canelo Alvarez.He’s also a pure boxer with an innate ability to adapt to any fighter put in front of him. Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks PLAY LIST 01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite McGregor vows Mayweather knockout as moment of truth nears Search on for 5 Indonesians snatched anew in Lahad Datu Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to give up royal titles “After 21 years I’ve been hit with everything and I’m still right here,” Mayweather said. “If you give it you must be able to take it.”It’s a fight that really makes no sense other than millions of people want to watch it. But the economics of the fight wouldn’t make any sense, either, if people saw McGregor — the UFC star who has never boxed professionally — in action and decided he just wasn’t good enough to be in the ring with a fighter like Mayweather.No mystique, no 5 million buys on Showtime pay-per-view. That’s why there was never any chance of McGregor having a tuneup fight.And that is why the only boxing anyone outside McGregor’s inner circle has seen was him hitting the heavy bag in a comical media day performance and a few seconds of a UFC clip purportedly showing him knocking down Showtime announcer and former fighter Paulie Malignaggi.No worries, said McGregor, who says his boxing talents shouldn’t be underestimated.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson MOST READ View comments What’s in store for your animal sign this year Mayweather is so confident of his chances that he’s spent much of the week before his fight having meet-and-greets in the early morning hours at the strip club he owns not far from the T-Mobile arena where they will fight.Though he’s made hundreds of millions in the ring, Mayweather has a tax lien of $22 million to the IRS, so the lure of $200 million to come out of a two-year retirement and face a novice boxer was great. But he said this will be definitely be his last fight, and he wants to go out with a dominating performance.“I gave my word to my children and once I did that it came to an end,” Mayweather said. “What better way to go out than with a bang.”The fight is expected to match or surpass the 4.6 million pay-per-views sold for Mayweather’s 2015 fight with Manny Pacquiao at $99.95 a household. Industry observers say people across the country will use the telecast as an excuse to party in tense times and 10 people could watch each pay-per-view.Tickets in the arena haven’t done nearly as well, largely because promoters wildly overestimated what people would pay to watch in person. Ringside seats were $10,000 and nosebleed tickets started at $2,500, though prices have been dropping rapidly as the fight approaches.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Police seize P68-M worth of ‘shabu’ in Pasay Hotdog’s Dennis Garcia dies
Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award The hosts came closer to winning and squandered a few great chances in the final minutes.Angel Correa gave Atletico the lead in the 25th minute with a shot from close range after a great set up by Antoine Griezmann, who cleared a few defenders before sending a perfect ball to the forward behind the defense. Correa had only goalkeeper Neto to beat and easily found the corner.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’Atletico held on for the rest of the first half but Valencia equalized shortly after halftime with a great goal by striker Rodrigo, who controlled the ball with his chest after a cross into the area and fired a left-footed shot into the top of the net.“We can’t say it was unfair, but if we had won the match it wouldn’t be a crazy result,” Rodrigo said. “We faced a great rival and showed that we are playing on a high level. That’s what we want to keep doing the whole season.” LATEST STORIES MOST READ Racing stickers pour in for casket of Iowa boy with cancer Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs Peza offers relief to ecozone firms Gov’t in no rush to rescue animals in Taal Defending champion Barcelona made its league debut on Saturday with a 3-0 win against Alaves with a pair of goals by Lionel Messi at Camp Nou Stadium.Real Madrid opened with a 2-0 win over Getafe with Gareth Bale scoring and setting up Dani Carvajal’s goal at Santiago Bernabeu Stadium.In the match that closed out the first round, Athletic Bilbao defeated Leganes 2-1 at home thanks to an injury-time winner by Iker Muniain.___Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next DepEd’s Taal challenge: 30K students displaced Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Gabriel Paulista nearly scored again for Valencia less than 10 minutes after Rodrigo’s goal, but his header off a corner struck the post. Daniel Wass had a chance on a breakaway with a few minutes left, but his shot was saved by Atletico goalkeeper Jan Oblak. Kevin Gameiro also missed a clear opportunity just before the final whistle.“We lacked organization in the end and I didn’t like that,” Atletico coach Diego Simeone said. “But I’ll stick to what we did well. These teams are very similar and we had our chances to win the match.”Atletico finished runner-up to Barcelona in the league last season, while Valencia was fourth and secured a Champions League berth. Atletico was coming off a victory over city rival Real Madrid in the UEFA Super Cup.Simeone started Monday’s match with one of the team’s top signings in the offseason, France forward Thomas Lemar, playing up front with Griezmann and Diego Costa. Other recently arrived players began on the bench, including Gelson Martins, Nikola Kalinic and Rodri. Martins came in as a substitute in the second half, replacing Griezmann.Wass, one of Valencia’s new signings, was in the starting lineup, while Gameiro, Denis Cheryshev and Michy Batshuayi began on the bench. Gameiro and Batshuayi entered in the second half.ADVERTISEMENT Valencia’s French forward Kevin Gameiro (R) challenges Atletico Madrid’s Uruguayan defender Diego Godin (L) and Atletico Madrid’s Brazilian defender Filipe Luis during the Spanish League football match between Valencia and Atletico Madrid at the Mestalla Stadium in Valencia on August 20, 2018. / AFP PHOTO / JOSE JORDANMADRID — Atletico Madrid and Valencia couldn’t manage more than a 1-1 draw in the opening match of the season for potential contenders for the Spanish league title on Monday.Both teams debuted new signings and came boosted by great seasons a year ago, but it was an even match from the start at Valencia’s Mestalla Stadium, with neither finding an edge to earn the victory.ADVERTISEMENT View comments
View Larger Map**We will have more information on this story shortly. The RCMP are hold a press conference at 11am**On December 12, 2008 Fort St. John RCMP were advised of several well sites in the Osborn Area, located north east of Fort St. John, that had been the target of mischief overnight. The investigation has determined that the mischief to the well sites included valves being tampered with and shots being fired at structures located on the well site. The wells are operated by Iteration Energy. As the investigation proceeded, it was discovered that well sites operated by Canadian Natural Resources Ltd (CNRL) had also been targeted. – Advertisement -The well sites were located in a rural area. There are no residences located in the direct vicinity of these well sites.The investigation is being conducted by the Serious Crime Unit of the Fort St. John RCMP Detachment. As this time, there is no evidence to suggest that these acts of mischief are related in any way to the recent targeted attacks on Encana well sites in the Dawson Creek area.The investigation is ongoing and the Fort St. John RCMP are requesting that anyone with information about this incident, contact the Fort St. John RCMP at 250-787-8140. If you wish to remain anonymous please call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477. They are open 24/7. Tip can be left anonymously online at www.crimestoppersfsj.com You do not have to give your name, address, or your telephone number. You do not have to testify in Court. A cash reward of up to $2000.00 will be paid for any information which leads to an arrest and/or charge.Advertisement
But a player of his talent deserves more game time – he came to the club in 2014 as one of Chelsea’s best players and has always been central to important moments when he’s on the pitch for the Red Devils.And it appears supporters could be waving goodbye to their favourite Spaniard this summer, with the report claiming ‘progress has been made’ in Barcelona’s pursuit of the playmaker. And, according to Bleacher Report, Barca have made Mata one of their top targets.The reports have come somewhat as a surprise, but a move back to Spain for Mata would not be a total shock.While a number of Man United players have been linked with exits this summer – Anthony Martial, Marouane Fellaini and Marcos Rojo to name but a few – Mata has not.The 30-year-old is no longer a guaranteed starter under Jose Mourinho, but has never kicked up a fuss about his role in the United team and is well loved by fans. Juan Mata – Will he return to Spain with Barcelona this summer? 3 3 The Spanish champions are still on the hunt for reinforcements after missing out on Antoine Griezmann and losing one of their key players this summer.Griezmann was strongly linked with a €100million move to the Nou Camp, but revealed last week that he has instead chosen to stay at Atletico Madrid and has signed a new contract.Meanwhile, the Catalans are also searching for a replacement for club legend Andres Iniesta, who left the Nou Camp this summer after lifting his ninth LaLiga title. Mata is no longer a guaranteed starter at Old Trafford Barcelona are considering a swoop for Manchester United midfielder Juan Mata, according to reports. 3 Barcelona players – all wearing Iniesta shirts – give the club legend a send off at the Nou Camp With Griezmann deciding against a move and the end of Iniesta, I’m told a move for Mata has emerged as one of their top options— Dean Jones (@DeanJonesBR) June 23, 2018Mata has just one year remaining on his contract, having penned an extension in January. That, plus his age, means he would likely be available in a cut-price deal.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 As part of the latest effort, city officials are considering an ordinance that would establish a penalty for advertising illegal rave parties. Many of the underground gatherings are advertised by fliers passed out at high schools, stores and malls, according to a motion introduced by Councilman Bernard Parks. “LAPD detectives acknowledge that throughout the city there has been an escalation of assaults, shots fired and homicides at flier parties,” reads the motion. “Which they say attract a deadly combination of underage drinking and gangs to locations where there is usually no adult supervision and very little security.” Public Safety Committee members encouraged the City Attorney’s Office to continue to work with police and Building and Safety Department officials to find a way to address the parties. The committee also considered a Los Angeles Police Department report that showed a 309 percent increase from 2003 to 2004 in the number of guns confiscated in the city. The hills dividing the San Fernando Valley and West Los Angeles are dotted with a growing number of “party houses” that should be regulated, along with underground raves, officials said Monday. Police and city officials have been meeting for months to consider ways to crack down on underground parties after several shootings in 2004 were linked to such events in South Los Angeles. The council’s Public Safety Committee on Monday called for those efforts to target house parties, as well. Such large-scale gatherings create neighborhood nuisances while illicitly enriching the hosts who charge admission, said Councilman Jack Weiss. “They tend to make a lot of money and even more noise,” he said. LAPD Lt. Steven Nielsen said the spike is the result of the Gun Unit growing from five to 19 members in the past four years. In the past the unit has focused narrowly on inspecting gun stores. “Now we’re able to go out and actively seek gun-trafficking cases,” he said. The panel also considered a proposal by the city Personnel Department to increase incentive payments to $1,000 for city workers who recruit a new police officer. The bonus is currently $500. The LAPD has money to hire 720 new officers this year but is concerned about finding enough qualified candidates in the face of stiff competition from other law enforcement agencies. The richer bonuses could cost $25,000, officials said, and it would come out of $2 million the Personnel Department has set aside for police recruitment. Dan Laidman, (213) 978-0390 email@example.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Promoted postFit-Hub in Letterkenny is offering Functional, safe & effective training for teens & pre-teens this summer. Using some of the most qualified trainers, coaches, nutritionists & lecturers in the fitness industry Fit-Hub promises these sessions are not to be missed!! For the Girls – Functional Fitness on Monday, Wednesday & Friday from 12pm-1pm (€5)This class has been designed with the younger lady in mind.With so much focus by the media on aesthetics of the female form & many magazines boasting skinny un-healthy girls on the covers, Fit-Hub endeavours to help teach girls a healthy & sustainable approach to training & nutrition.Many young women are very body conscious & lack the security that some of us more mature ladies may possess & learning healthy nutritional principles coupled with proper training will only seek to reinforce some self-confidence. Not all young women are the same & neither should their training or eating habits & for that reason we have some of the finest coaches on offer that are well versed in youth training that can devise classes to suit all ages, shapes, sizes, abilities & fitness levels.This class will be launched on Monday 23rd of June @ 12pm & will run throughout the summer so they can join at any time & when schools reconvene in September there will be an after school option on offer to keep them on track.For the Guys (& the Girls) – Weightlifting for Strength, Power & Speed Tuesday & Thursday from 1-2pm (€7)These sessions are programmed with the aspiring athlete and/or weightlifter in mind. There is so much conflicting information circulating pertaining to the safety of weightlifting for young people, much of which is fuelled by misinformation & fear of injury.However, when the fundamentals of weight bearing exercise are learned in a safe & effective environment, the potential benefits to life & sporting performance are limitless. Fit-hub boasts some of the industries finest performance coaches, strength & conditioning coaches & performance nutritionists, many of whom are already working with local elite athletes & teams. The opportunity for young people/athletes to work with these coaches will be hugely beneficial & rewarding both on & off the field.For more information about either of these programs or Fit-hub Letterkenny please contact one of the team:Phone: +353 85 875 3926 (call or text)Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Go to: http://www.fithubletterkenny.com/rise-athlete-development-centre/Facebook: Fit-Hub Ireland Ltd.FIT-HUB IS OFFERING TRAINING FOR TEENS AND PRE-TEENS THIS SUMMER was last modified: June 23rd, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalFit-Hubletterkenny
A Letterkenny mother has issued an appeal after money was taken from her purse this afternoon.Liz Porter took her daughter Addison to McDonalds in Letterkenny for a treat to celebrate her fourth birthday. She then took Addison to the baby changing room, but left her phone and purse behind when leaving the restaurant.Liz was driving away before realising she had forgotten the items. She quickly turned back and found them in the changing room, but was shocked to discover her purse had been emptied. There was approximately €160/170 in the purse, she told DonegalDaily. “I’m heartbroken as I hadn’t even got a birthday cake or present for my wee doll,” she said.Liz reached out to McDonalds staff, who have told her that CCTV will be reviewed.The theft took place within a 25-minute window, she said, and she is asking the thief to return the cash as her special day with her little girl was spoiled by their actions.“Maybe if somebody had a heart they would give the money back,” she said. If anyone has any information about the incident, contact Liz on 0864692066. People can also contact Donegal Daily on Facebook or email email@example.com. Mother makes plea to heartless thief who stole cash on daughter’s birthday was last modified: October 4th, 2016 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Impress your friends at the water cooler with this phrase: “hummocky cross-stratification.” Let’s call this mouthful HCS and talk about it. It has a story to tell. HCS is a kind of geological formation characterized by alternating three-dimensional hummocks (convex up) and swales (convex down). Discussed in the geological literature since the 1970s, it is generally thought to represent the work of cyclonic storms along continental coastlines at a depth where violent waves sculpt the shallow ocean floor (up to 10m). Most geological layers are deposited flat. Level strata might subsequently be deformed or tilted, but HCS is deposited in its hummocky, swaley form. Additional layers deposited on top produce the cross-bedded signature characteristic of HCS. Two Canadian geologists decided to test the storm formation theory. They performed flume experiments with sand under controlled conditions and published their results in the journal Geology.1 “There is general consensus that both hummocky and swaley cross-stratification form during storms,” they began. Basically, they confirmed this hypothesis:Based on these findings, we suggest that hummocky cross-stratification optimally forms above (but near) storm wave base where aggradation rates during storms are high enough to preserve hummocks but unidirectional current speeds are sufficiently low to generate low-angle, isotropic cross-stratification. Swaley cross-stratification is also hypothesized to be deposited by an aggrading hummocky bed between fair-weather and storm wave base, but in shallower water where aggradation rates are low enough to cause preferential preservation of swales.The main things their experiments identified were the relative contributions of oscillatory and unidirectional flow rates on the resulting bed forms. They also wanted to find out if the waves simply scour and drape the sand, or if the bed itself is dynamic. Using a 15m flume with capabilities for oscillatory and directional flow, they concluded that some or most HCS is generated by “actively aggrading and migrating hummocky bed forms under long period (8-10 s), high oscillatory velocity … and oscillatory-dominant combined flow” higher than 50 cm/s for the oscillations and less than 10 cm/s for the directional flow. The directional flow contributes sand to the area of deposition.1Simon Dumas and R.W.C. Arnott, “Origin of hummocky and swaley cross-stratification— The controlling influence of unidirectional current strength and aggradation rate,” Geology, Volume 34, Issue 12 (December 2006), pp. 1073�1076, DOI: 10.1130/G22930A.1.OK, you learned something about a peculiar geological formation, which the authors describe as “enigmatic sedimentary structures.” So what? Well, what is interesting is where these are found. The Grand Canyon has lots of HCS. You can see a prominent outcropping along the Supai Trail, for instance, up from the springs. A creation geologist was pointing these out on a hike one day, and said, “What’s unusual about these examples is their size. These are very large hummocks – much larger than anything that is being formed today.” It must be remembered that these sedimentary layers exposed in the Grand Canyon extend throughout several Western states and some of them throughout a good portion of North America. Considering not only their size, but their widespread distribution throughout the canyon, he considered these as uncontrovertible evidence of a flood catastrophe like the world has never seen. Perhaps so; nobody was there to witness these rocks being laid down, but models can help us evaluate the plausibility of such inferences. Think about it. Whatever happened at this point on the Supai Trail, it was certainly not a good day for a beach picnic.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
A colourful glass lampshade. Christina Magaseng with examples of glass beaded bracelets. MEDIA CONTACTS • Nirdesh Singh, Manager, Small-Scale Mining & Beneficiation, Mintek +27 (0)11 709 4335 RELATED ARTICLES • Revenue from beneficiation • SA jewellery design students excel • Jewellery to disarm Africa • Turning jobless into jewellersLucille DavieWith the demand for quality, hand-crafted jewellery increasing worldwide, Mintek‘s Kgabane Jewellery Programme is hoping to fill a niche gap, combining recycled glass with gold and silver to produce a unique African jewellery range.It has produced a prototype of items it hopes will be snapped up by local and international markets, which at the same time will empower rural women. Made especially for the Brics summit in Durban in March, the range consists of 24ct gold and silver necklaces and earrings, woven copper and silver bracelets, 18ct gold rings, silver cuff links and tie pins. Miscellaneous items like finely crafted letter openers, teaspoons, sugar spoons, cheese forks and butter knives are also part of the range.According to the website, Kgabane, meaning precious, was an initiative of the former Department of Minerals and Energy. The department is responsible for championing the development of the indigenous precious metal jewellery sub-sector. Kgabane does this through fusing ancient indigenous craft techniques and goldsmithing techniques to create a product with a uniquely African signature.Formed in 2001, Kgabane has a number of programmes on the go, centred on the National Rural Development Programme, which drives small and micro enterprises with the aim of creating sustainable livelihoods in rural and poor urban communities. This includes historically marginalised groups like rural women, unemployed youth and the disabled. It contributes to poverty alleviation and job creation.“We haven’t vigorously gone out to sell the new range yet,” says Bernice Dickson-Rabothata, the head of jewellery design at Mintek. Established in 1934, Mintek is the country’s leader in providing minerals processing and metallurgical engineering products and services to industries worldwide. The jewellery programme consists of a production and training unit focused on fine-tuning traditional craft skills and integrating them with traditional goldsmithing techniques, at the same time developing viable craft centres.“The Kgabane product ranges were created by the women of South Africa, drawing inspiration from the rich legacy of indigenous adornment based upon traditional skills to be found throughout South Africa’s rural community,” states the website. For now the range will be showcased at exhibitions, conferences and flea markets, says Nirdesh Singh, the manager of Small-Scale Mining and Beneficiation at Mintek.AmasoThe group is also experimenting with fashion jewellery, using recycled glass to produce beads that are strung to create necklaces, bracelets and earrings, as well as items like coloured glass tableware and glass-beaded lampshades.“With the gold and silver, the glass beads have been given value,” says Christina Magaseng, the head of bead design at Mintek. She says it takes five hours to make a necklace.Beads have been made in Africa for centuries, using clay, ostrich shells, bone, copper, iron, charcoal, seeds, horn, ivory, brass and gold. But in the late 1800s Arab, Chinese and Portuguese traders brought glass beads to Africa. Later, plastic beads found their way to the continent, and the traditional methods of beadwork were lost.Mintek recognised that these skills needed to be revisited, and developed a process that uses recycled glass bottles to make beads that resemble traditional African beads for jewellery making. The idea was to take the manufacture of the beads to rural communities, to create jobs and alleviate poverty. The initiative is called Amaso, which is the Xhosa word for jewellery.Two types of beads are made – transparent and opaque. The former are made from fragments of broken beer bottles or windowpane glass, which is melted in a gas flame and formed into beads of different shapes and sizes. Opaque beads are made from waste beer bottles, which are milled to a fine powder using a bottle crusher. Together with other additives, the powder is made into a paste. This is then individually moulded by hand into different shapes and sizes and placed on stainless steel wires coated with kaolin clay before being fired in a kiln.Owned by rural womenMintek, together with a number of other organisations, has established several bead and jewellery projects that are owned entirely by rural women. Small businesses have been set up in Rustenburg and Taung in North West; Dundee, Botha’s Hill and Ulundi in KwaZulu-Natal; O’Kiep in the Northern Cape; Qwaqwa in the Free State; and, East London in the Eastern Cape.Mintek has ambitious plans, which include training street bottle collectors to learn how to crush the raw material and make beads. Favourite beer bottles being recycled are Amstel, Castle Lite, and Hansa. Funding at the moment comes from local municipalities, the Department of Arts and Culture, mining houses, the National Lottery and the National Development Agency.MintekThe programmes are driven by Mintek’s small scale mining and beneficiation division.“Our commitment to innovation and our world-class research and development expertise is supported by a physical infrastructure of modern laboratories, pilot plants and workshops. We believe it is our extensive intellectual capital – engineers, scientists and technologists, all of the highest calibre – that forms the most valuable part of our proposition to our customers,” states the website.Mintek is a parastatal, and the chief executive officer reports to the minister of mineral resources. About 3% of its budget comes from the state, with the balance provided by contract research and development, sales of products and services, technology licensing agreements, and joint-venture private sector companies.TrainingSo far, Kgabane has trained rural groups in Kwazulu-Natal, Northern Cape, Limpopo, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Mpumalanga, Free State and North West provinces.“Each group is treated as a unique entity, taking stock of the availability of indigenous knowledge systems, particularly as these may be apparent in existing cultural/craft practice,” according to the website. “This is then followed by a training programme tailored to the needs of each group and which aims at providing an entry point into tested markets having particular stylistic and pricing points.”Once a group has successfully developed a product range which the market likes, and if resources allow, Kgabane can be engaged by the group to undertake further training, research and development into product development and or to assist in the development and launch of a branding strategy for the group and its products.Some 250 people in nationally accredited skills programmes have been trained and up to 23 small businesses across the country have been established. These businesses, mainly in rural and peri-urban areas, have been given support in production monitoring, quality assurance, design input and basic business skills, as well as assistance with access to markets.Mintek also runs the Timbita Ceramic Incubator. The incubator helps rural potters to improve their skills and learn the basics of running a small business by giving job training, skills transfer, setting up factories and marketing their products. Twelve projects have been set up around the country. Timbita is the Tsonga word for pot.